In-Text Citations: Author(s)          Reference List: Author(s)

 

Examples from:

Sorby, S.A and Veurink, N. (2012) Impact of Visualization Training on Student Leaving. Proceedings from 2012 Engineering Design Graphics 67th Midyear Conference. Limerick, Ireland. Retrieved from http://edgd.asee.org/conferences/proceedings.htm

 

Comparison

Common mistake:

Research shows that for students who initially exhibit poorly developed 3-D spatial skills, improvements in course grades and in engineering retention can be achieved through the spatial skills intervention.

Proper method for citing research following APA style:

In these previous longitudinal studies, it has been shown that for students who initially exhibit poorly developed 3-D spatial skills, improvements in course grades and in engineering retention can be achieved through the spatial skills intervention (Sorby, 2001; Sorby, 2005; Veurink & Sorby, 2011).

Proper method for creating a reference list for above cited sources:

Sorby, S.A. (2001). A Course in Spatial Visualization and its Impact on the Retention of Women Engineering Students, Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 7(2), 153-172.

Sorby, S.A. (2005). Assessment of a “New and Improved” Course for the Development of 3-D Spatial Skills, Engineering Design Graphics Journal, 69(3), 6-13.

Veurink, N.L and Sorby, S.A. (2011). Raising the Bar? Longitudinal Study to Determine which Students Would Most Benefit from Spatial Training, Proceedings of the 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC, 2011.

 

In-text Citations: Author or Authors Examples

One author:

Sorby (2012) states….

Or

Two authors:

Research by Sorby and Veurink (2012) shows …

Or

Female students that graduated with a STEM degree, and received spatial training while enrolled in the Mechanical Engineering program, appear … (Sorby & Veurink, 2012)

 

For more than three authors

 

Two or more works in the same parenthesis:

In these previous longitudinal studies, it has been shown …. (Sorby, 2001; Sorby, 2005; Veurink & Sorby, 2011).

 

Electronic sources

Cite as you would one or more authors. Sorby and Veurink (2012) state….

 

Reference Examples

Last name of author, initials, year published, title, Journal name, volume and issue number, page numbers.

 

Single author:

Sorby, S.A. (2001). A Course in Spatial Visualization and its Impact on the Retention of Women Engineering Students, Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 7(2), 153-172.

Sorby, S.A. (2005). Assessment of a “New and Improved” Course for the Development of 3-D Spatial Skills, Engineering Design Graphics Journal, 69(3), 6-13.

 

Two authors:

Veurink, N.L and Sorby, S.A. (2011). Raising the Bar? Longitudinal Study to Determine which Students Would Most Benefit from Spatial Training, Proceedings of the 2011 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Vancouver, BC, 2011.

 

Electronic:

Sorby, S.A and Veurink, N. (2012) Impact of Visualization Training on Student Leaving. Proceedings from Engineering Design Graphics 67th Midyear Conference. Limerick, Ireland. Retrieved from http://edgd.asee.org/conferences/proceedings.htm